In August, 1976, Jabalpur ADM v. Shivkant Shukla’s case was highly publicized, which is known as habeas corpus or habeas corpus.
In this, the then Attorney General, Nureen Dey, told the Supreme Court that if a person with a policeman can not be appealed in court, even if he is killed by shooting and killing him because of mutual rivalry.
Certainly they were not thinking of anyone else but the central government in front of the top court. Everyone in the court was speechless But only Justice H.R. Khanna expressed dissatisfaction over this, while all four judges could not raise the courage to speak against the central government. That was the dark day of emergency.
Justice Khanna had to face the stand of standing in support of the fundamental rights of citizens given by the Constitution, while ignoring the prerogative of the people, the then central government appointed the compliant Justice H. M. Baig as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
In those dark days of the emergency, the Supreme Court was almost silent.
Ramnath Goenka with son and daughter-in-law
In those days of emergency, the media, called the fourth pillar of democracy, also missed the historic opportunity of cooperating with the common citizens of the country. Then he had kneeled even before the dictator’s government.
Some of the media institutions like Ramnath Goenka’s Indian Express, The Statesman and Mainstream were among the exceptions to those who opposed the government’s policies.
LK Advani described it effectively, saying, “The media started crawling while they were only told to bow.”
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Basic rights of the public
During those two years of emergency, this was a tragic state of the country. The Supreme Court was prevented from scrutinizing any such amendment by amending the Constitution of India and the law here.
As a result, the government had got the freedom to do anything with the holy constitution of India and the lives of people here and their freedom.
All this was done during the Emergency, with the intention of maintaining a dictatorship that was aimed at promoting corruption, the public anger due to its other wrongdoings and failures.
The basic rights of the people were stripped, their freedom was banned, the constitution was misinterpreted by dictatorship in the way they want. And all this was done in the name of the emergency. There are many things to learn from lessons learned from the country of emergency.
Indira Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru
A common man does not live to earn two times a day’s bread. When he stops his original rights, he also revolts. And in the elections of 1977, when the country’s uneducated, poor public voted against the people who made emergency.
On June 25, 1975, the wrong declaration of emergency in the country was lifted on March 21, 1977, and the public clarified the importance of voting by giving its decision on those black days with the strength to vote after a few months.
Those 21 months were really black days of India.
They were not forgotten bitter experiences. Recalling those dark days, we must continue to discuss the issues that threaten the continuous democracy. Because we do not need bread only to live. We gain certain rights of living and freedom Life without them is futile.
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I have got some bitter experience during the Emergency also. As a student of the university, helping senior leaders stay underground for two months, I had to spend 17 months in jail.
Those days spent in jail were very influential on my life. With discussions with experienced leaders and fellow prisoners, I got an opportunity to learn about people’s problems, politics and many things about the country. The most important thing in it was that it strengthened my resolve to protect democracy and the right to public freedom for fundamental freedom.
Today, in the present society of the country, the people born after 1977 are dominated. This country is theirs. They need to be aware of the reasons for the emergency and the consequences of their country’s history, especially those days.
In 1975 there was no justification for the denial of public to their fundamental rights. But unconvincing internal unrest was imposed in an emergency by telling a threat to the security of the country. In fact, the unrest was that the people of the country were bored with corrupt leaders and people from all over the country were organized to raise their strong voice for a complete change in the system.
Coincidentally, those same days, the Allahabad High Court gave its historic decision to declare the election of the then Prime Minister of India illegal.
The judgment of Allahabad High Court on 12 June 1975 canceled the election of Indira Gandhi. After the court verdict, on June 18, a Congress leader emerging from the meeting convened for the deliberations.
How did a judge dare to decide this? The answer to this decision was found and an emergency was announced to deprive the judiciary of the right to interfere with the constitution and the election process to give rights to the public and to review it.
During the Emergency the entire country had been converted into a prison. All the leaders of the Opposition were awakened in the night and they were thrust into a nearby jail.
Jai Prakash Narayan, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Lal Krishna Advani, George Fernandes, Chaudhari Charan Singh, Morarji Desai, Nanaji Deshmukh, Madhu Dandavate, Ramkrishna Hegde, Sikandar Bakht, HD Deve Gowda, Arun Jaitley, Ravi Shankar Prasad, Prakash Javadekar, Ram Vilas Paswan, Dr. Subramaniam Swamy, Lalu Prasad Yadav, Nitish Kumar were put in jail while defying the country’s security.
More than three lakh people, including Balasaheb Deoras, the head of National Self Service Association, were put in jail.
Morarji Desai was the first non-Congress Prime Minister
Narendra Modi was also in ignorance
Prime Minister Narendra Modi then led the mass movements against the Emergency while living in the unknown. The announcement of the emergency shook the country’s democratic structure. There was widespread discussions on the weak parties of the democratic system and the country once again tried not to impose it.
This pledge will only survive when the country will remember the lessons learned from that emergency again and again. In particular, youth will have to know the information of that dark chapter of India and lessons learned from it.
The Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi had said, “Whenever I am disappointed, then I am reminded of the facts which overturn the pages of history and repeat the victory of truth and love. On the pages of history, there are many killers and killers, and for a few moments He also looked invincible, but be careful that in the end he has been destroyed. The victory has always been true. ”
We need to learn from our bitter experiences so that we can fulfill the dream of New India.