Gujrati Sahitya Parishad’s founder, Ranjitram Mehta, wrote in an article 100 years ago that the highest racism in India is in Gujarat.
He said this in an article printed in the name ‘why unity and unity in Gujarat’?
However, this time the assembly elections are being said that the caste has emerged as bold.
Was there caste in Gujarat’s electoral politics before this?
For the first time since the formation of Gujarat in 1960, Chimanbhai Patel became the Chief Minister of Brahmin in 1973. Prior to this, Jivraj Narayan Mehta was a Bania and the Chief Minister was the Brahmin. This was when the Brahmin caste in Gujarat was less than one percent.
Professor Kiran Desai of Social Science Study Center at Surat says that coming of Chimanbhai was a big event for the Congress and Gujarat politics.
Desai said, “Indira Gandhi forwarded Patel and backward castes to weaken the Congress of Morarji Desai.”
Caste is not new in Gujarat. Even before the elections, there was a communal chaos. In the 80’s, Madhav Singh Solanki gathered the Kshatriyas, Harijans, Adivasis and Muslims on the hollow platform. Then, under the leadership of Madhav Singh Solanki, got 149 seats.
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The power of the Brahmins
Professor Parvez Abbasi of Veer Narmad South Gujarat University in Surat says that after the liberation of the country, the dominance of Brahmins was in almost all the important states. He said that this is not only about Gujarat.
Abbasi says, “Then there was no awareness among non-Brahmins, they were not educated, their ambition was overwhelming, the situation changed and later we can see the outcome of this, many States including Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Gujarat. The Chief Minister used to be Brahmin, but now it is not so, now he is quite vocal about his representation. ”
Many analysts say that Hindutva politics was going on in Gujarat for the past few decades, so the caste was silent.
Gaurang Jani, a professor of social science at Gujarat University, says that the dialogue of Shah Rukh Khan’s film- ‘Make a mind and mindset of Mianbhai’ helps a lot in understanding Gujarat.
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They say that this dialogue is absolutely correct to understand the riots in Gujarat. He said, “At that time, racket was made of liquor and smuggled with it, both of which were the energy of the underworld.In Gujarat, liquor and liquor were used by Hindus and upper castes, therefore, Muslim boys raised the risk of manipulation, which means that Mianbhai’s darings took place. ”
Garang said that it had Dalit boys with the Muslims. He said that at that time the mind and the Mianbhai bravery of Bania became an economic dependency. Muslims and Dalit boys were unemployed so they were used in this form.
Professor Jani says, “It was a functional relationship, the relationship was in Gujarat and Ahmedabad, if anyone had to make a scooter then the Muslims would have to go. Kites were Muslims, even the work of silk in the Swaminarayan temple. The ones who were also Muslims were, although their work was completely unorganized. In the riots that happened in Gujarat, the first of them was hurt on the earnings of Muslims. ”
They say that the person who is called Underworld was born like this. According to him, till the Muslims remained dissolved, caste was silent in the name of Hindu unity, but emotions also had an age and truth would not have remained lurking for a long time.
He said, “After so many years, the caste is now feeling that their enemies are not Muslims but the policies of the government and hence they are on the road.”
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Which caste in Gujarat?
Brahmin and Bania are here one and a half percent. Meaning both are three percent. Five percent are Rajputs. These five-five Rajputs are not in OBC. They are called Rajputana Rajputs.
Here Jadeja, Vaghela and Gohil Rajput are not in OBC. There are some people who have the Vaghela title, who are in OBC. 12 percent are Patel. There are two sub-castes in Patel’s Kadva and Leuva Leva is considered progressive. Sardar Patel was Lewa.
Add these to all, Gujarat has 20% additional cast and above 60% OBC, ST and SC. This time, BJP is afraid of OBCs and Patel.
Madhav Singh Solanki was a Koli caste and he had put the Kham equation on the ground. Koli is the largest division in OBC in Gujarat.
When land reforms were done in Saurashtra in 1955, land of Rajputs came to Patel. That is why Patel and Rajputs remain hostile. Professor Jani says that Rajput used to be seen in the police but after the reservation, there was also a decrease and their condition became worse.
But interestingly, where Patidar had more land, land was not improved and he still had very much land.
In Gujarat, 13 seats are reserved for Dalits and in 2012, BJP won 10 seats. There are 27 seats reserved for the tribals. In 2012, Congress had won 16 seats, BJP 10 and JDU won one seat.
Increasing Congress and declining BJP
In the 2014 general elections, Patidar was BJP’s backbone. Today, a large number of Patidars are with Hardik Patel. In the earlier elections, a few castes underlined their dominance and assimity, but this time all the castes are seen in the elections with the will of independent and dominant.
The emergence of Patidar and Thakor and their demand have also inspired the remaining castes. This time Dalits and Adivasis are also on the front.
In the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, BJP got 60.11 percent of the votes, while the Congress got 33.45 percent of the votes. There was a difference of 26.66 in both.
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